Climatology is the study of the structure of atmosphere and elements of weather and climates, climatic phenomena, climatic types and regions around the world.

Similarly, the applied climatology is a scientific use of climatic data. Due to its wide usage, it has become more popular.

Following are the topics in climatology

Firstly, it includes the Atmosphere — compositions and structure; elements of weather and climate.

Secondly, it includes Insolation — the angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth — heating and cooling of the atmosphere;

Thirdly, it includes  the temperature — factors controlling the temperature; distribution of temperature — horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature

Further, it may include Pressure — pressure belts; winds-planetary seasonal and local, air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones

Precipitation — evaporation; condensation — dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall — types and world distribution.

Lastly, it may include World climates — classification of Koeppen climatic variation, greenhouse effect, global warming and climatic changes.

Due to modern advances, climatology has led to the further development of geography.

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