Climatology is the study of the structure of atmosphere and elements of weather and climates, climatic phenomena, climatic types and regions around the world.

Similarly, the applied climatology is a scientific use of climatic data. Due to its wide usage, it has become more popular.

Following are the topics in climatology

Firstly, it includes the Atmosphere — compositions and structure; elements of weather and climate.

Secondly, it includes Insolation — the angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth — heating and cooling of the atmosphere;

Thirdly, it includes  the temperature — factors controlling the temperature; distribution of temperature — horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature

Further, it may include Pressure — pressure belts; winds-planetary seasonal and local, air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones

Precipitation — evaporation; condensation — dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall — types and world distribution.

Lastly, it may include World climates — classification of Koeppen climatic variation, greenhouse effect, global warming and climatic changes.

Due to modern advances, climatology has led to the further development of geography.

What is the cause of climate change?

Climate change and global warming

How we can define climate change? Climate change means the change of climate over the last 100 years which is caused directly or indirectly by human activities. Mainly, climate change represents the changes in long-term weather patterns. Usually, climate change is measured in a shift of temperature, rainfall, wind pattern, or more.  World’s temperature has …

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Earth’s Atmosphere Composition and Structure

Composition and structure of earth's atmosphere

Earth’s Atmosphere The atmosphere is a mixture of many gases which support life on earth. The earth’s atmosphere provides a conducive environment for us. Evolution of the earth’s Atmosphere The earth came into existence about 4.6 billion years ago. It composed of gases, particles of interstellar dust and ice lumped together to form a larger …

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What are Tropical Cyclones and their characteristics?

Tropical cyclones

What are Tropical Cyclones? Tropical cyclones represent a circulatory motion of air towards a low-pressure centre. These low-pressure centres are known by various names based upon their characteristics, intensity and, distribution. The origin and development of these cyclones require the presence of some favourable conditions. In these cyclones, the wind blows counter-clockwise in the northern …

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