Indian geography

Mountain passes: Important passes in India

In this article, I have discussed the important passes in India with the help of maps and charts. From the exam perspective, this topic is very important for geography optional and General studies of UPSC and Bpsc in both prelims and mains. In previous years, many questions have been asked about the location and extension of these important passes in India.

Mountain passes: Important Himalayan Passes in India

Mountain passes: Northern Himalayan Passes

  • Aghil La.
  • Karakoram Pass.
  • Burzil La.
  • Zoji La.
  • Pir Panjal.
  • Banihal Pass.
  • Shipki La.
  • Bara Lacha La.
  • Mana La.
  • Niti La.
  • Lipu Lekh.
Name of PassStrategic importance
Location
Aghil La.Connects Ladakh with Xinjiang Provincesituated north of Mt. K2
(Godwin Austen).
KarakoramThe highest pass of India.situated in the U.T of Ladakh.
Burzilconnects Srinagar and Gilgit.situated in the Greater Himalayas
of Ladakh Union Territory.
Zoji LaSrinagar-Leh highway passes through it.situated in the Zaskar Range in
Ladakh U.T.
Pir Panjalconnects Kullu valley with
Lahaul and Spiti valley.
situated in the Pir Panjal range
of Himalayas.
BanihalThe Jawahar Tunnel passes through it.situated in the Ladakh region.
Shipki Lathe road from Shimla to Tibet passes
through it.
situated in the Zaskar Range in
Himachal Pradesh.
Bara Lacha Laa road connecting Mandi and
Leh passes through it.
situated in the Zaskar Range in
Himachal Pradesh.
Manaconnects Uttrakhand to Tibet
situated in the Kumaun range in
Uttrakhand.
Nitia road connecting to Mansarovar and
Kailash valley passes through it
situated at Indo-China border in
the Kumaun range in Uttarakhand.
Mountain passes: Major passes of India
Himalayan Passes: Important passes in India

Mountain passes: North-eastern Himalayan Passes

  • Nathu La.
  • Jelap La.
  • Bom Di La.
  • Yonggyap La.
  • Diphu.
  • Pangsau.
  • Tuju
Name of PassStrategic importance
Location
Nathu Laa road connecting to Tibet, via Chumbi
Valley and Darjeeling passes through it.
situated in Sikkim.
Jelap Laa road connecting to Tibet passes
through this pass.
situated in Sikkim.
Bom Di Laa road leading to Twang Valley passes
through it.
situated in Arunachal Pradesh.
Yonggyap LaBrahmaputra river enters into India
through this pass.
a road to China passes through it.
situated in Arunachal Pradesh.
Diphuimportant for both Myanmar and India.situated in Arunachal Pradesh.
Pangsaua road from Dibrugarh to Myanmar passes through it.situate in Indo-Myanmar border
in Arunachal Pradesh.
Tujua road from Imphal to Myanmar passes
through it.
situated in Manipur.
Mountain passes: Major passes of India
North-East Himalayan Passes in India

Do you know? How Mount Himalayas was formed?

Read a complete article on Mountain Himalaya at above link.

Important Peninsular passes of India

  • Thal Ghat.
  • Bhor Ghat.
  • Pal Ghat.
Important passes in India
Name of PassStrategic importance
Location
Thal GhatImportant pass of Western Ghats.
Mumbai-Nagpur-Kolkata
rail-route passes through it.
Mumbai-Nagpur-Kolkata
road-route passes through it.
situate in Northern Sahyadri range
in Maharashtra.
Bhor ghatImportant pass of Western Ghats.
Pune-Belgaum-Chennai rail-route
passes through this pass.
Pune-Belgaum-Chennai road-route
passes through this pass.
situate in Northern Sahyadri range
in Maharashtra.
Pal GhatImportant pass of Western Ghats.
Calicut-Trichut-Coimbatore-Erode
rail-route passes through it.
Calicut-Trichut-Coimbatore-Erode
road-route passes through it.
situated between Nilgiri and Annamalai hills.
Important passes in India
India and its neighbouring countries
The climate of India
Important Climate Zones in India with maps
Agro-climatic zones of India
Types of Soils in India
Most Important topics of geography

FAQs on Major Passes of India

Where the location Annamalai Hills are located in India?

The Annamalai hills are located south to the Nilgiri and the highest peak of Annamalai is Anaimudi (2695m).

The highest peak of Nilgiri hill is?

Dodabeta is the highest peak of Nilgiri hills whose average height is 2637m.

Where the Shencottah Gap is located in India?

The Shencottah Gap is located at Cardamom hills.

The Highest point of Northern Sahyadri is?

Kalsubai is the highest point of Northern Sahyadri.

Rajneesh Kumar Thakur

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